• Causes of cardiac involvement in Takayasu arteritis
    • AR
    • Hypertension
    • Coronary stenosis due to coronary arteritis
    • Myocarditis
  • Takayasu arteritis (TA) is 10 times more common in women.
  • Average age of onset of TA is 25 years.
  • In TA, arterial stenoses are 3 to 4 times more common than aneurysms.
  • In TA, lower limb claudication occurs in two-third cases while upper limb claudication occurs in one-third cases.
  • Causes of leg pain on exertion-
    • Arterial obstruction
    • Venous insufficiency
    • Spinal canal narrowing
    • Myositis & McArlde syndrome
    • Arthritis
  • Causes of arterial obstruction as cause of leg pain-
    • Atherosclerosis
    • Thrombosis
    • Embolism
    • Vasculitis- Takayasu, TAO, GCA
    • Coarctation
    • Arterial compression
  • End point systolic separation is falsely increased (without LV dysfunction) in
    • AR
    • MS &
    • IWMI.
  • Osler’s maneuver- If arterial wall is palpable after inflating BP cuff to suprasystemic pressures, it means that arterial wall is rigid. In such a patient, BP records may be overestimations.